Eventually you may need to pick a loan modification specialist. This can be very difficult if you don’t know what to do. One way to find a specialist is to do a little investigating, ask a few friends for advice, or consult some professionals who work in this area. Here are some guidelines.

One sure way to find a reliable loan modification specialist or modification firm is to ask people who have used the services of such professionals in the past. Personal recommendations might not give you many names. You may need to explore other avenues of finding help. There are other means of finding a loan modification specialist. Ask your local real estate broker. Due to the very nature of their business, they will know lawyers who have had experience with the procedures involved in foreclosure, financial disasters, and loan modifications.

A simple call to your local state bar association can assist you in finding a lawyer who has experience dealing with situations similar to your own. You might not be comfortable letting your lending institution know how difficult things are for you. However, a talk with the bank manager about your situation may also result in a recommendation.

A foreclosure attorney is another source of finding a loan modification specialist. Due to the nature of their business, these lawyers have dealt with loan modifications while representing their clients. They might be reluctant to offer a name, but you won’t know until you ask.

After you have done the research and found some possible loan modification specialists, narrow your list to three choices. Call the attorney or firm and ask if they would be willing to negotiate a loan modification on your behalf. Don’t jump right in to the process and start giving out personal information right away; take some time to get to know who you are hiring. Even then, never give out your mortgage ID number, driver’s license number, social security number or credit card numbers over the telephone

Owning a coffee franchise can be a very rewarding experience, but before you sign on the dotted line and start serving hot cups of ‘joe’, there’s certain things you need to know so you can make the right decision. If you go into buying a coffee franchise blindly, you could end up making a very costly mistake.

First things first, get a reality check. You should know going in what kind of money you have to put towards a coffee franchise, you should understand your strengths and weaknesses in running a business and be very honest with yourself about how much time you’re willing to spend in your business. If you do this, you’ll be way ahead of the curve. Don’t jump into any decision. Take your time, consult with franchise experts and do your due diligence.

The attractive thing about owning a coffee franchise is the cash flow and profit margin. People are drinking coffee today like it’s going out of style and they are happily paying upwards of $3 per cup. The real cost of the coffee is under $.25. The profit margins with coffee are HUGE! On the contrary, only making a few bucks per cup isn’t going to get you a mansion in Beverly Hills. A Coffee franchise is 100% a volume business. You have to crank out thousands of cups per month to see any real income. Some of the most successful coffee franchises have drive-thrus which can make up to 70% of the revenues.

The real secret of a coffee franchise is NOT the coffee, but the atmosphere. People can get coffee anywhere, but they come to these shops because of the social element. They come to hang out, conduct business, surf the web, relax, read a book, whatever. That’s why so many coffee franchises have the relaxing and mellow look and feel to them.

However, there are things about a coffee franchise that aren’t so fun from the very start. First, the high start-up costs can be huge. Not only will you have to pay a hefty franchise fee, but then you have to get a location, you’ll have to get equipment, you’ll have inventory to get, fixed costs, variable costs, employee wages and on and on. The costs can be high. Don’t forget about the royalty fees that are based on gross revenues, not net profits.

Now even if you are financially capable of buying the coffee franchise, that won’t matter because there are more pre-qualifiers you must meet. You’re going to need a considerable net worth, a good credit history but the real challenge is that you have to get approval to buy the franchise. If they don’t like you, they won’t sell you a franchise.

It is very difficult these day to decide on where to invest your money. More than the past five to six years bonds and stocks happen to be very volatile and furthermore as shoppers and nations are restricting their spending so commodities are obtaining a significant hit each day. Actual estate investment is regarded as the most prevalent investment approach these days. Real estate or property investment for any deal either shopping for or selling do have a right property investment advice from a professional to maximize your profits and minimize your losses. Real estate or property investment has extended been considered as one with the most secure type of investment that appeals on to many. Even with no thinking of their alternatives in mind that is the most likely long-term profits to be produced on their investment, many people blindly launch into the purchase of an investment property.

It’s incredibly important to recognize the fact which means of property investment and most important is the security of property investment in the long term while purchasing any of the investment properties or producing monetary security in any situations. The main aim on the property investor is always to capture earnings from rentals, and/or capital growth either via natural attrition or by adding capital value by means of development. Whatever the form or sector, property investments are solid, tangible and real in that a property is unlikely to depreciate in the long term offered due care, and consideration is provided to do diligence inside the acquisition stage.

Property as an asset class is normally made use of by Monetary Advisors as a risk-management and diversification tool, due mainly for the asset class sharing a low-correlation with equity markets despite the fact that some correlations do exist. It really is difficult to define the portfolio preparing characteristics of real estate in general terms because of the wide range of subsectors which all derive growth and revenue from various market-sectors and investment returns are driven by distinctive factors to the next subsector. Broadly speaking, all property subsectors do share quite a few characteristics that make the asset class appealing to Investors seeking capital security, revenue and growth.

Property investments, specially direct property investments, provide the Investor with an amount of security that paper-based investments don’t due just to the truth that excellent property assets retain capital value all through the long-term, which inside the situation of well-chosen properties in great places, is unlikely to fall and result in the Investor a capital loss. The Investor must be prepared and capable of tolerating the illiquidity connected with physical property assets, this asset class delivers correct diversification out of conventional economic assets such as stocks bonds and money.

Marine Insurance, it must be understood covers the loss or damage of ships, cargo, terminals, and any transport or property by which cargo is transferred, acquired, or held between the points of origin and final destination. Its value therefore can easily be understood. It is especially critical for fishing industry for it is extremely unlikely that the sea would not turn choppy and if it so happens which invariably happens there is every likelihood that there would be huge loses both of material and of men. It is here that marine insurance comes handy as it ensures that in case of any such nasty events the loss at least of property would be borne by the insurance companies.

The popularity of marine insurance can be gauged from the fact that today there are a large number of insurance companies that provide marine insurance. However, it is advised that people do a thorough research before opting for the policy of any company. This is an extremely monumental job as there are a number of companies that offer marine insurance so it is difficult to properly research them.

It is here that Jai Insurance Brokers, a highly reputed name in the field of insurance sector, swings into action. It has the list of all such reputed and credible insurance companies that provide marine insurance on its website. All that people have to do is to log on to their website and the list of all the companies along with their terms and conditions would be available to them.

Then again Jai Insurance Brokers also provide online facilities to its clients which spares them from the difficulties of commuting to the office as they can purchase and make payments online. Furthermore the agents of Jai Insurance Brokers are not only extremely courteous but they are also ever willing to go to any length to serve their esteemed customers. The fee that is charged by the company for the services that it provides is also extremely reasonable.

It is the combination of all the above mentioned reasons that has propelled Jai Insurance Brokers on the top slot amongst everyone who might be interested in availing a marine insurance policy and judging by the popularity being enjoyed by the company it can easily be said that coming days would be even better for them.

For more information visit us at

With over 20 years experience and exposure to small business, we have learned an enormous amount on what to do and what to avoid. You don’t need to go through all the problems we experienced trying to start-up a small business. We’re happy to share our secrets with those who’d like to listen. Yes, we’ve made mistakes. Some only small, others took us to the brink of bankruptcy! But the great thing is we learned from them and took away important lessons each time.

We took these lessons, and combined with our formal Business Management and Development Training, have developed our 7 Vital Keys To Small Business Success. These are the very same Quick and Easy Systems we used to grow our Successful International Franchise Network.

Yes! We went from our garage to franchise in under 12 months, and International Franchise in just over 2 years. We later sold our interests, and profited further from our systems. Our processes are easy to understand , with clear methods to follow. By following our 7 Vital Keys To Small Business Success program, you could quickly establish your own small business, helping you enjoy the lifestyle you desire and the freedom to be your own boss. We know it works. We have seen these processes repeated over and over. Small Business should be about working smart, not working yourself into the ground.

Starting a Small Business can be risky. About 80% of small businesses fail in the first 2 years. So why do people keep doing it, you ask? Why put your money, family and reputation on the line, just to follow your dreams? Because it’s such a wonderful feeling to start-up and run your very own successful small business. You don’t need to go it alone, though. There is help. Overcome the statistics and be one of the successful few. Start your small business with the right help and know how. You will achieve amazing results in the best possible time, with less headaches, and saving you hard earned dollars along the way.

Getting surrogate insurance coverage, that is, medical insurance to cover the surrogate pregnancy, can be tricky. There are a few different options for obtaining practical surrogacy insurance, depending on the situation of the surrogate mother and intended parents.

First, if at all possible, plan to use the surrogate mother’s existing health insurance policy, probably thorough her employer or her husband’s. Most health insurance policies will cover a surrogate mother, as their own insured, while she is pregnant. It is frankly none of the insurance company’s business how she got pregnant!

But some insurance companies are going out of their way to prevent surrogate motherhood. Take a copy of the surrogate’s insurance benefits booklet to your surrogacy attorney to verify if you can use this policy.

If that doesn’t work, there are a few more ways to obtain surrogate insurance coverage. The easiest, and least expensive at this point is to purchase a regular individual plan from a local insurance agency. Watch, again, for exclusions with surrogate motherhood. Also, sometimes these plans come with a 6-12 month waiting period before they will pay for pregnancy.

It probably should be mentioned that the insurance policy an intended parent carries, most likely through their employment, will not cover the pregnancy of the surrogate mother, regardless of the fact that it is their biological child. The surrogate mother is not the insured party.

There are some surrogacy insurance policies specifically designed for surrogate mothers. These policies really only insure a worst case scenario event, cost thousands to purchase, and come with deductibles in the $5,000-10,000 range. Some intended parents choose to add this sort of policy onto an existing surrogate insurance coverage.

But what happens when a surrogate mother and her intended parents believe that they are covered, get pregnant, and then find out there was an error and her insurance company refuses to cover the pregnancy? Or what if she loses the coverage halfway through the surrogate pregnancy?

There are not too many private insurance companies out there willing to insure a preexisting condition, such as an already pregnant woman. (And if you find one, please let me know!) The options are few in this situation. The intended parents can either pay for the rest of the medical bills in cash, hopefully negotiating a better rate directly with hospitals and doctor’s offices, or they can purchase a discount medical card.

A discount medical card will save the intended parents some considerable money, but it is not the same as having actual surrogate insurance coverage. Still, it’s a terrific option for those in this sort of sticky situation, and can be obtained after the surrogate mother is already pregnant.

When it comes to buy a Subway Franchise, the first think which clicks in the mind is that how you will go to finance it?. Buying a Franchise or coming in the food chain business involves various things like setting up the restaurant, arranging for the shop fitters to fit out the shop accordingly, kitting it out with all the required catering equipment, fitting all the tables and chairs, and many more. That is the reason people usually look for a financer before buying a Subway Franchise. By having a handsome amount in their hand theyll be able to effectively budget their monthly outgoings through a monthly finance package to operate their business immediately with all the equipment they need.

Own a Subway Franchise only by going through the process of financing, as by doing this you are keeping your available capital in the bank, leaving it available for other important business expenditures. It will provide you liquid flow of cash to run the day-to-day business activities. You cant imagine how easily youll get back your return on investment easier by opting to tailored franchise finance package. It will benefit you by lending maximum money to your bank account each month on your lease agreement.

No one can deny the popularity of Subway, not because their unique chain of restaurants but for the quality they provide with mouth watering sandwiches. There is hardly any need to mention that their high profile advertising campaigns and their ongoing popularity and excellent menus are certainly attracting potential franchisees from all over the world. They all want to open their own Subway franchise and want to take a part in the active race to success. If you think about it you almost get it, enormous flexible finance packages on the market are available. It allows you to build in the franchise fee with all useful equipment that goes into the Subway restaurant.

Fulfill your desire to owe a business related of fast food industry by buying a subway franchise. This is the only platform where food have both moderate as well as healthy flavor

Is it easy to learn how to manifest a job and money? The most successful people in the world have proven that it can be done, and it’s not that hard.

If you are new to manifestation and the law of attraction, then you must be wondering how is it possible to manifest anything into your life.

It all starts with belief that you can. You see everything is made out of energy. You, me, money, jobs, they are all a form of energy that will always be there in one form or another.

Manifestation is using thought, and a few simple exercises to bring about that energy in a form that you desire.

Follow these 3 easy steps to create abundance in your life.

Step 1
Focus on what it is you want. I know it sounds simple, but it may be more painful for some than others. If you say to yourself the words money and job, and you get shivers from it, then you have negative feelings about those things.

If you are thinking about those things in a negative light, then you wont attract any of them or you will only attract the bad parts. The key is to focus on the happiness they will bring. What will money and a new job bring you. How great will it feel to have more money and a great job in your life.

Step 2
You must alight yourself with what you desire. In this article, money and a job is the focus, so you must imagine already having these things. Imagine them being exactly they way you would want them.

Ask yourself what kind of job you want, how much money do you want. Make the answers exact. Take time each day to think about money and a great new job in a happy setting. Make it real for yourself.

Step 3
Receive what attraction brings you. If you are following the above two steps, then you are manifesting the things you desire. When that manifestation happens, you must receive it.

How will you know if what is appearing in front of you is what you should be receiving? Simple, it will make you feel good and you will feel aligned with it. It will feel like it is moving you closer and closer to what you have put out into the universe.

A Final Thought
To sum up, you need to ask for what it is you desire, align with thoughts of you having already achieved it, and be willing to receive them.

Using these 3 steps you will manifest money and a job with ease, as well as anything else you desire.

There are lots of terms in the real estate world. Some of the terms are often confused with one another and it becomes difficult for the common people to distinguish one term from the other. Foreclosures, bank owned properties, short sales etc are some of those terms which need to be cleared for the common public. There is a confusion regarding bank owned properties and foreclosures. Some people think they are the same, but in reality there is a difference between them. A major distinction among them is the way in which these properties are sold.

Individuals who take loan of a certain amount of money and keep their homes as mortgages are subject to this type of real estate terms. Whenever an individual is unable to pay their loan, the lenders take up the property of the borrower and foreclose it. An auction is held for people to bid and win that property. If any person buys the property then it gets sold to him/her. If nobody buys that property then the mortgage ceases and the property becomes a bank owned property.

In case of negotiations, bank owned properties are always on the lookout for selling the properties in the same condition as they were from the time of auction. In case of foreclosures this is not the case. Thus while buying a bank owned property it is essential to keep a watch on the price as well as to get the repair work within the said price. In case of bidding for the foreclosures, a minimum bid which covers all the interest, principal amount as well as the extra expenses is to be made by the bidder. The bidder with the highest amount gets to buy the property.

When the question of legal matters arises, it is essential to get the property checked thoroughly by experienced real estate attorney. The role of the attorney is to check the documents related to the foreclosure. Bank owned properties are targeted to be sold quickly as the banks are already over laden with inventory. Generally purchases of foreclosures are more risky than the bank owned properties. In case of bank owned properties the buyer gets to sign an agreement and have eventualities but in case of foreclosures, there are no such eventualities. Foreclosure sales are more fruitful for investors rather than home buyers. Thus in case of buyers, it is better to get all the information before getting into the bidding.

The following article presents the very latest information on when you should pay cash for a fishing boat or finance it. If you have a particular interest in how you can afford to pay for the fishing boat of your choice, then this informative article is required reading.

Knowledge can give you a real advantage. To make sure you’re fully informed about when you should by a boat, keep reading.

Of course you already know the answer to the title of this article. It’s when you have enough cash. Here’s a little advice to go along with the obvious. Before you go out and purchase your boat, remember that boating is a hobby and you shouldn’t go overboard with it. Unlike your house, boating isn’t really worth going into debt for.

To get the most out of your boat, it’s always a better idea to simply save up for a while. If you don’t want to wait that long, there are viable alternatives online to earn the money to actually pay cash for the boat of your choice. I’m not talking about some internet scam. I’m talking about a real way to put your computer to work and spend some time taking advantage of one of the hottest moneymaking activities online. In the meantime, you should carefully study the boating market. When you manage to get a hold of the required amount of cash, go ahead and buy the fishing boat you want.

Whatever you do, make sure you’ve carefully thought out what your expenses are going to be. You don’t want to spend all of your money on just the boat itself. When you purchase the boat, you’ll need to have enough money for taxes, registration, storage, towing insurance, gas, equipment, and even minor repairs if your boat requires them.

When buying a fishing boat, used or new, cash is always better than financing. And you can save money with cash, as there are no finance charges. Financing charges can get high, very high in fact if you don’t know a lot about it.

For some people who have financed a boat purchase, they were advised to use a home equity loan. I mean after all it’s tax deductible right? I wouldn’t recommend that at all. You wouldn’t want to put yourself in a situation where you could possibly lose your home. Always be on the lookout for boat show financing too. Never use it! There are boat show financing ploys that will extend a loan out over the course of 10 – 15 years. That’s just ridiculous!

Sometimes it’s tough to sort out all the details related to whether you should finance a boat or pay cash for it, but I’m positive you’ll have no trouble making sense of the information presented above.

Real estate investment is the practice of buying real estate property and making a profit out of it by selling it. There are many people that make a living utilizing this type of investment as it can be rather lucrative. Nonetheless, not everyone advantages from it. There are people who make the wrong choices when purchasing property and wind up making drops.

Wondering how to get a great start in the sales of commercial real estate? As of today commercial real estate market is considered as one of the vast market regardless of where you are. You could easily find a booming career in the real estate industry if you are aware of on the right techniques of the market. You can always take good real estate investment advice for getting a great initiate in a fruitful venture.

Commercial real estate investment can be considered as very good career choice. There is always a market for business when you consider commercial real estate investment. Always remember when you get involved with commercial real estate investment, keep the deal in your mind. You always have to be alert when deciding any type of deal. Dont only go for just a good location or good appearance, but there should be lot more things you have to keep in mind like the bottom line earning you expect to make, the following terms and conditions of the agreement and moreover the approximate rate of return from it. Simply focus on the expected profit and good real estate investment advice rather than getting emotional on one property.

Always keep in mind that the whole real estate process is a long process even if you have already gone for a commercial real estate property. Now a days people or owners get so impatient with all the processes and simply give up on the deals. Basically you need to have the track for all the things like all the official documents has to be made properly, the documents need to be signed properly and moreover repairs need to be made.

Well you have to think before doing anything like for example why the previous owner is selling its commercial property and more questions like this. Sometimes, they are selling it because of a problem with the property itself. It can be any scenario like it could be prone to more bizarre scenario be the target of repeat break ins due to a vendetta or perhaps due to insect infestation and lot more things like this.

There are always new things happening in the commercial real estate as there are always new questions coming up that you cant even answer. So that is why it is said to take real estate investment advice from some experienced person that probably helps your success rate. This makes a wealth of resources available to you.

For more information related to real estate investment advice , Please visit : americanrealestateinvestments.com

The first Subway franchise was born in 1974 even though founder Fred DeLuca opened his first store 9 years earlier. Today there are currently over 29,000 Subway franchises spanning the globe in over 85 countries. Entrepreneur magazine has ranked Subway the number one franchise 13 out of the last 17 years, so its a rock-solid franchise.

Even with its amazing popularity and tremendous track record, the real question is deciding whether or not owning a Subway franchise is the right choice for you and your family. There’s a ton of things you should consider when making this big of a choice, so let’s identify what the positives and negatives are.

First of all, the total cost of entry and the total investment to get started ranges anywhere from $101,000 to $285,000. The reason for the big discrepancy depends on whether you’re buying an existing franchise or you’re having to build one or start one from the ground up. Other costs may include remodeling, leasing equipment, inventory, etc. Typically, the down payment that’s required must come from your personal liquid assets and can NOT be borrowed or come from a loan. That fact right there might eliminate some potential franchise owners.

Every Subway franchise pays a royalty fee to the company, specifically 8% of their overall gross sales. This is very important to understand because losing 8% right off the top before you pay for any rent, equipment, inventory, marketing, employees, etc can make a difference in whether or not you’re profitable. On the other hand, in exchange for the royalties the franchisee’s are rewarded with a strong brand recognition and national advertising campaigns.

As far as sales are concerned, 2800 sandwiches and salads are sold every 60 seconds. This provides a pretty constant flow of customers and expected sales. Potential franchise owners feel comfortable with this knowing that their stores most likely will not be empty. Besides, people have to eat somewhere, right?

On the flip side, you are at the mercy of your store location when owning a Subway franchise. No matter if you are open 24 hours, a location can only serve so many customers and can only make so much money. Obviously the product can not be sold online or in other areas, so actually getting traffic to the store is the only way to make sales. In this regard, the Subway franchise is NOT scalable. An entrepreneur would probably have to own multiple locations to really generate the kind of income they would be looking for in owning a franchise.

Furthermore, to buy a franchise, you must have good credit, have considerable net worth and you have to be approved by the company. Once again, this could potentially eliminate more prospective franchise buyers. In the end, owning a Subway franchise is a solid way to have a great chance of success but keep in mind that to really make it big, you’ll probably have to own about 10 or more.

SOCIAL MEDIA MARKETING FOR SMALL BUSINESS

About 33 % of consumers are not connecting with brands on social networks, according to a new report by interactive marketing firm Razorfish. Razorfish surveyed 1,000 consumers who reported both social media and ecommerce activity with the goal to find out how social media influences their purchasing decisions. 80 % were members of at least one social network and 40 % were active in two. -Social media has quickly become one of the most talked-about topics in marketing. We didn’t want this report to just be more of the same, so instead we took a different, more scientific approach to evaluating this phenomena and measuring its effects,- said Shiv Singh, VP and Global Social Media Lead at Razorfish. -Today, a brand’s actions speak louder than its words and pushing out messages is no longer enough to excite and engage consumers.- The question is now: How about you the small businesses and your social media activities? More than brand companies, small and medium business should step into social media marketing to expand your message and spread the word to the potential client, to make him informed, to make him interested and to make him a paid customer. To bother your targeted audience with outbound advertising messages is not enough in today’s times. The user out there has established some kind of personal advertising filter. Moreover he wants to find valuable information when he decides that he needs them, not when you decide to send him message through email marketing, radio or TV commercials, or call him by phone and disturb his daily doing. You need to build your credibility to address your marketing message. You need to be personal and authentic and to avoid sounding like an advertisement. Behelpfuland bevaluableofferrelevant content. This is the way how you as a small business cangain customer loyalty. – BE THE FLAME NOT THE MOTH! – Read more great posts like this one, visit -Blog Ad Monkey-. Stay tuned and subscribe to my blog viaRSSto get more great posts like this one. Your comments and ideas are welcome!

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Owning a McDonald’s franchise can be one of the most rewarding experiences of your life if you know what you’re doing, if you have the resources to qualify and if you do it the right way. However, before you do your share of serving billions and billions of hamburgers worldwide, there’s a few things you need to be aware of in order to make the right decision.

Today, there are roughly over 30,000 restaurants spanning the globe in over 100 countries. McDonald’s franchise has been in existence since 1955 and the franchise owners have played huge roles in the overall success of the company.

When considering to buy a McDonald’s franchise, you have 2 options in which to do so. The first is to purchase an existing restaurant from the company or another franchise owner, which happens to be the most common practice. The second option is to purchase a brand new restaurant that is built from the ground up. In both cases, you must have a minimum of $300,000 down payment that can NOT be borrowed. You have to physically have it in liquid assets.

Other important factors in buying a McDonald’s franchise include having significant business experience, good management skills, the ability to manage finances well, you must be able to execute and deliver on a business plan, you have to maintain exceptional customer service and you have to have a good credit history. If you can’t show you have all of these capabilities, then this franchise may not be a good fit for you.

Most experts will tell you that breaking even in the first 7-10 years is doing a real good job of running your McDonald’s franchise. Part of the ongoing expenses include the traditional expenses like rent, utilities, inventory, wages and of course the 4% royalty fees that are based on gross revenues and not net profits. What’s interesting to know is that the McDonald’s corporation usually owns the land the franchises are on and the franchise owners pay their rent to the corporation. In fact, it can be argued that McDonald’s is actually in the business of real estate since they are one of the largest holders of real estate in the world.

Bottom line is that owing a McDonald’s franchise is not for the timid. You have to have considerable net worth, a good track record and still get approval by the company. Not all franchises are this way and if you don’t qualify for a McDonald’s franchise, then there are plenty of other viable options for you.

Through the years, man has unceasingly found ways to express their innate creativity and uniqueness. This is evident in many works of art collected throughout the years. However, such ingenuity is not only confined in crafts, sculptures, and paintings. Some people have literally made their own body as their canvas! These people are not only content of admiring art pieces; they made themselves the living and breathing artwork. This is mainly because some people find extreme satisfaction on being different from the rest or getting the kind of attention they unabashedly seek. Hence, this gave birth to the art of body modification.

The art of modifying the human body was already practiced centuries ago in native tribes as a way of making themselves look more attractive for their mate. It has taken a lot of form, such as body tattoo, piercing and interestingly body modification branding. The latter is unquestionably an extreme art form since it requires burning a part of the skin to create a permanent scar.

Body modification branding or otherwise known as scarification have earlier been used in burning identifying marks on livestock. Centuries ago. Greeks used it as a popular form of punishment for slaves and fugitives. Law offenders are branded on their forehead as a blatant sign of condemnation and to intentionally spur social disdain and disgrace. However, this barbaric act was later banned since it violates the human rights act and is deemed to be an extreme penalty to bear for most people.

Nowadays, body modification branding still exists in some sectors of society. No longer as a severe form of castigation but as a voluntary mark of association to a certain group. This practice is quite common in fraternities and organized crime groups. The scar apparently becomes their official membership mark of some sort. Some people use the body modification branding as a right of passage, especially for people who are aspiring to be a member of an exclusive group.

The body modification branding actually has two methods: the strike, where the artist will use a piece of metal to burn the skin repeatedly and the cautery, which uses a cautery pen to make a permanent scar on the skin. Both produce similar results and the scar is something the person will bear for the rest of his life. People who practice branding would claim it is a freestyle form of art, but a lot of people think otherwise. To the eyes of many, it is still a callous act that should no longer be practiced in this modern age.

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